Propiedades psicométricas del ENRICHD Social Support Instrument (ESSI) en una muestra chilena
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Palabras clave

apoyo social
relaciones interpersonales
análisis factorial confirmatorio
psicometría social support
social relationships
confirmatory factor analysis
psychometrics

Cómo citar

Ortiz, M. S., Villena, C., Salinas-Rehbein, B. ., Neira-Vallejos, S., & Schleef, J. (2022). Propiedades psicométricas del ENRICHD Social Support Instrument (ESSI) en una muestra chilena. Terapia Psicológica, 331-346. Recuperado a partir de https://teps.cl/index.php/teps/article/view/443

Resumen

Introducción: El apoyo social percibido es una variable relevante en los procesos de salud-enfermedad. Es importante que los instrumentos dirigidos a medir este constructo presenten evidencia de fiabilidad y validez. El objetivo de este estudio fue determinar las propiedades psicométricas del ESSI en población chilena, y su invarianza de medida entre hombres y mujeres, y entre universitarios y adultos. Método: Dos muestras no probabilísticas, una de universitarios (n = 538) y una de adultos (n = 446) fueron enrolados en un estudio transversal. Los datos fueron analizados con análisis factorial confirmatorio multigrupo y análisis de consistencia interna con Omega de McDonald (ω). Resultados: La estructura unidimensional de la ESSI fue confirmada en la muestra completa. Asimismo, se demostró invarianza escalar entre hombres y mujeres, e invarianza escalar parcial entre universitarios y adultos. La fiabilidad de los puntajes de la ESSI fue adecuada (ω > .80). Conclusión: Los puntajes de la ESSI presentan evidencia de validez factorial y fiabilidad en población chilena. La escala puede ser utilizada para medir apoyo social percibido, aunque es recomendable su uso diferenciado entre universitarios y adultos.

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