Problemas de salud mental en universitarios durante la pandemia por COVID-19
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Palabras clave

help-seeking
mental health
COVID-19
gender búsqueda de ayuda
salud mental
COVID-19
género

Cómo citar

Salinas-Oñate, N., Gómez-Pérez, D., Cancino, V., Ortiz, M. S., Salazar-Fernández, C. ., & Olivera, M. P. . (2023). Problemas de salud mental en universitarios durante la pandemia por COVID-19: ¿qué tipo de ayuda buscan?. Terapia Psicológica, 41(1), 19-38. Recuperado a partir de https://teps.cl/index.php/teps/article/view/557

Resumen

La pandemia por COVID-19 ha tenido un impacto negativo en el bienestar psicológico de la población, siendo los jóvenes un grupo especialmente vulnerable. El presente estudio se propuso caracterizar el proceso de búsqueda de ayuda por problemas de salud mental de estudiantes universitarios de la Región de La Araucanía durante la pandemia por COVID-19. A través de un muestreo no probabilístico por conveniencia, se reclutó a 500 estudiantes de entre 18 y 29 años. Se describieron y compararon obstaculizadores y facilitadores de la búsqueda de ayuda formal e informal, según género. Adicionalmente, se estimaron modelos de regresión lineal múltiple diferenciados por género, con la búsqueda de ayuda informal como variable criterio. Los resultados muestran una renuencia general a buscar ayuda (formal e informal) tanto en hombres como mujeres, una mayor experimentación de malestar psicológico y mayor conocimiento sobre salud mental en mujeres. Finalmente, se evidencian diferencias en los predictores de la búsqueda de ayuda informal entre hombres y mujeres, siendo el apoyo social y las emociones negativas en pandemia los únicos comunes entre géneros. Se discuten las implicancias de la brecha de género en salud mental, y los factores que facilitan y obstaculizan la búsqueda de ayuda.

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