Factores protectores de la interrupción de la transmisión intergeneracional del maltrato infantil

Palabras clave

protective factors
trauma factores protectores

Cómo citar

Undurraga, C., & Santelices Alvarez, M. P. . (2022). Factores protectores de la interrupción de la transmisión intergeneracional del maltrato infantil: una revisión sistemática. Terapia Psicológica, 39(3), 375-392. https://doi.org/10.4067/S0718-48082021000300375


Antecedentes: El maltrato infantil es uno de los desafíos más adversos y estresantes que enfrentan los niños y niñas, transmitiéndose sus efectos nocivos de generación en generación. La literatura a dado cuenta de factores protectores que contribuyen a la interrupción del ciclo intergeneracional de maltrato. Objetivo: Realizar una revisión sistemática de la literatura, que permita identificar factores protectores frente a la transmisión intergeneracional del maltrato infantil, integrando aquellos provenientes de la línea de investigación del trauma. Método: Se realizó una revisión sistemática, buscando literatura en las bases de datos Pubmed y Web of Science, incluyendo los términos moderador, factores protectores, maltrato, abuso y transmisión intergeneracional. Resultados: Luego del tamizaje y selección, se revisaron 21 artículos que cumplieron con los criterios de inclusión. Se encontraron factores protectores, organizándolos en cuatro categorías: nivel individual, nivel relacional, nivel social y relativo al trauma. Los resultados cuantitativos se complementaron con resultados de estudios cualitativos. Conclusiones: Existen factores protectores en distintos niveles de la ecología del individuo que deben considerarse en el diseño de programas de prevención e intervención para el maltrato infantil. Es necesario seguir profundizando el conocimiento que se tiene de ellos, fortaleciendo la calidad metodológica de los estudios que los investigan.



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