Autocompasión como moderador entre apreciación corporal y estilos de alimentación en mujeres adultas emergentes
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Palabras clave

eating behavior
young adult
body image
compassion conducta alimentaria
adulto joven
imagen corporal
compasión

Cómo citar

Maldonado, C. ., & Nazar, G. (2021). Autocompasión como moderador entre apreciación corporal y estilos de alimentación en mujeres adultas emergentes. Terapia Psicológica, 39(1), 63-80. Recuperado a partir de https://teps.cl/index.php/teps/article/view/343

Resumen

Antecedentes: El ideal de belleza asociado a la delgadez es un factor relevante en la conformación de la imagen corporal y en la conducta alimentaria, lo que hace necesario identificar recursos psicológicos que promuevan conductas alimentarias sanas, particularmente en mujeres. Objetivo: examinar la relación entre apreciación corporal, alimentación intuitiva y estilos de alimentación maladaptativos (contextual, emocional y restrictivo), y el rol de la autocompasión en esas relaciones. Método: estudio descriptivo-correlacional en el que participaron 740 mujeres, entre 18 y 30 años, quienes respondieron las escalas de Apreciación Corporal (BAS-2), Alimentación Intuitiva (IES), Conducta Alimentaria (DEBQ) y Autocompasión (SCS). Se emplearon regresiones moderadas para examinar el rol de la autocompasión en la interacción de apreciación corporal con alimentación intuitiva y patrones de alimentación. Resultados: La apreciación corporal y la autocompasión se relacionaron positivamente con alimentación intuitiva y negativamente con la alimentación emocional y externa. La autocompasión tuvo un rol moderador en la interacción entre apreciación corporal y alimentación intuitiva (β=.006, ES=.0056), emocional (β=-.09, ES=.004), y externa (β=-.007, ES=.003), pero no con alimentación restrictiva (β=-.022, ES=.004).  Conclusión: Estos hallazgos confirman el rol amortiguador de los recursos psicológicos, en específico, la autocompasión, en la apreciación corporal y la conducta alimentaria.

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