Adaptación al español de las escalas de derrota y atrapamiento en jóvenes adultos: propiedades psicométricas
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Palabras clave

psychometrics
psychological tests
suicide
suicidal ideation psicometría
test psicológico
suicidio
ideación suicida

Cómo citar

Ordóñez-Carrasco, J. L., Cuadrado-Guirado, I., & Rojas-Tejada, A. J. (2021). Adaptación al español de las escalas de derrota y atrapamiento en jóvenes adultos: propiedades psicométricas. Terapia Psicológica, 39(1), 17-37. https://doi.org/10.4067/S0718-48082021000100017

Resumen

Antecedentes: El Modelo Integrado Motivacional-Volitivo contempla la ideación suicida como una reacción psicológica a una situación que se percibe como una derrota junto a la percepción de estar atrapado/a y sin posible escape ni rescate. Objetivo: El presente estudio tiene como objetivo adaptar al contexto español y analizar las propiedades psicométricas de dos escalas, una para medir derrota y otra para medir atrapamiento. Método: Doscientas treinta y cuatro personas de 18-35 años (58,6% mujeres) completaron un cuestionario online. Resultados: El análisis de la estructura interna mostró una solución bifactorial para la escala de derrota y una solución unifactorial para la escala de atrapamiento, ambas con adecuados índices de ajuste. Además, mostraron buena fiabilidad de las puntuaciones de los test y evidencias favorables de validez. Conclusiones: Disponer de ambas escalas adaptadas contribuye a mejorar la evaluación del riesgo suicida, así como a orientar la intervención y realizar aportaciones en el campo de la suicidología.

https://doi.org/10.4067/S0718-48082021000100017
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