Divorcio parental, apego a los padres y satisfacción con la vida en adolescentes chilenos
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Palabras clave

adolescence
life satisfaction
parental divorce
parental attachment adolescencia
satisfacción con la vida
divorcio parental
apego a los padres

Cómo citar

Tay Karapas, K., Comino, P. ., & Yárnoz-Yaben, S. (2023). Divorcio parental, apego a los padres y satisfacción con la vida en adolescentes chilenos: un estudio comparativo. Terapia Psicológica, 41(3), 327-341. Recuperado a partir de https://teps.cl/index.php/teps/article/view/621

Resumen

Si bien existen una serie de avances en la comprensión de los efectos del divorcio sobre el bienestar y desarrollo de los adolescentes, un aspecto que requiere mayor exploración es si existen variaciones en el bienestar y la calidad de los vínculos de apego entre adolescentes que han experimentado o no la separación de sus padres. El presente estudio tuvo por objetivo evaluar diferencias en los niveles de satisfacción vital, la calidad del apego a la madre y al padre entre adolescentes provenientes de familias intactas y quienes han experimentado la separación de sus padres. Mediante un estudio de corte transversal, se evaluó una muestra de 421 adolescentes chilenos entre 12 y 17 años, siendo el 54,6% hijos de progenitores casados y un 45,4% a hijos de progenitores divorciados. Los análisis de diferencias de medias mediante pruebas t permitieron identificar que la satisfacción con la vida es mayor en los hijos de familias intactas. Asimismo, se detectaron diferencias en la calidad del apego hacia el padre, pero no hacia la madre. En específico, adolescentes hijos de padres divorciados reportaron menor calidad de la comunicación, menor confianza mutua y mayor alienación con sus padres que los hijos de familias intactas. Estos resultados, discutidos desde una perspectiva clínica, avanzan en la comprensión de los efectos del divorcio en adolescentes chilenos.

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