Estrés postraumático luego de siniestros viales
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Palabras clave

post-traumatic stress disorder
traffic accidents
systematic review
prevalence
population at risk trastornos de estrés postraumático
accidentes de tránsito
revisión sistemática
prevalencia
factores de riesgo

Cómo citar

Montes, S. A., & Ledesma, R. D. (2021). Estrés postraumático luego de siniestros viales: una revisión sistemática. Terapia Psicológica, 39(1), 103-122. Recuperado a partir de https://teps.cl/index.php/teps/article/view/299

Resumen

Las lesiones físicas y los trastornos psicológicos que se producen como consecuencia de un siniestro de tránsito (ST) constituyen un grave problema de salud pública. En este trabajo se realiza una revisión sistemática y actualización de estudios sobre prevalencia y variables predictoras de estrés postraumático (TEPT) luego de un ST. Se realizó una búsqueda en bases de datos incluyendo Medline, PsycINFO, Scopus, y Elsevier de artículos entre 2015 y 2019, siguiendo las directrices PRISMA.  La búsqueda inicial mostró un total de 1062 artículos, de los cuales 28 cumplieron criterios de inclusión. La literatura disponible es heterogénea en cuanto a objetivos y metodología. La prevalencia oscila entre 2,39 y 62%. Entre los predictores más robustos de TEPT se incluyen: sexo femenino, percepción de riesgo de vida en el ST, falta de apoyo social, secuelas físicas, y problemas emocionales previos.  Se destaca la importancia de la detección temprana para prevenir secuelas psicológicas.

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