La planificación cognitiva en el contexto de la evaluación neuropsicológica e investigación en neurociencia cognitiva
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Palabras clave

planning
executive functions
neuropsychological assessment
prefrontal cortex planificación
funciones ejecutivas
evaluación neuropsicológica
corteza prefrontal

Cómo citar

Domic-Siede , M., Irani , M., Ramos-Henderson, M., Calderón, C., Ossandón, T., & Perrone-Bertolotti , M. (2023). La planificación cognitiva en el contexto de la evaluación neuropsicológica e investigación en neurociencia cognitiva: una revisión sistemática. Terapia Psicológica, 367-395. Recuperado a partir de http://teps.cl/index.php/teps/article/view/548

Resumen

La planificación es definida como la habilidad de desarrollar un plan secuenciado de pasos conductuales para alcanzar una meta y forma parte de un conjunto de funciones cognitivas de alto orden denominadas funciones ejecutivas. Esta función se ve afectada en diversas situaciones de la vida cotidiana y en una variedad de trastornos neuropsiquiátricos. El diseño de pruebas cognitivas para su uso en el contexto clínico y el diseño de paradigmas experimentales para su evaluación en investigación acopladas a técnicas de neuroimagen para dilucidar sus bases neurales continúa siendo un desafío para la neuropsicología clínica y para las neurociencias. En este artículo de revisión sistemática que sigue las direcciones PRISMA, revisamos la teoría e investigación en relación con la evaluación clínica y la investigación de las bases neurobiológicas de la planificación y los aportes a la comprensión de los mecanismos de su implementación. Se reportan medidas metodológicas comunes y se resumen las aproximaciones teóricas que contribuyen en su comprensión. Mayores estudios clínicos, instrumentales y experimentales son necesarios para comprender mejor la planificación en el contexto de una teoría integrativa de las funciones ejecutivas y del rol de la corteza prefrontal.

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