La medición de la felicidad a través del Test de Asociación Implícita y su relación con la depresión y el bienestar autoinformados
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Palabras clave

implicit association test
happiness
depression
implicit
affect felicidad
depresión
procesos implícitos
afecto
prueba de asociación implícita

Cómo citar

Gómez-Baya, D., & Muñiz-Velázquez, J. A. (2021). La medición de la felicidad a través del Test de Asociación Implícita y su relación con la depresión y el bienestar autoinformados. Terapia Psicológica, 39(1), 39-61. Recuperado a partir de http://teps.cl/index.php/teps/article/view/302

Resumen

La evaluación del bienestar subjetivo y psicológico ha alcanzado considerable evidencia científica, principalmente a través de diferentes pruebas de autoinforme. Sin poner en cuestión este tipo de medición, lo cierto es que estas mediciones presentan la desventaja de estar basadas en declaraciones subjetivas y manipulables conscientemente por parte del sujeto. El objetivo de este trabajo es presentar un diseño bajo el paradigma del Test de Asociación Implícita de Greenwald y Farnham (2000) para aplicarlo a la medición implícita del bienestar subjetivo y psicológico. Así, se realizó un estudio transversal descriptivo con una muestra de 327 adultos (51,7% hombres; M = 38,69, DT = 11,98), que completaron un Test de Asociación Implícita para la medida objetiva del bienestar psicológico, y dos medidas autoinformadas para evaluar por un lado la felicidad y por otros posibles síntomas depresivos. Los resultados mostraron una buena fiabilidad del Test de Asociación Implícita, así como asociaciones débiles con las medidas de autoinforme. Una asociación implícita más fuerte con los afectos positivos que con los afectos negativos estuvo relacionada con una mayor felicidad subjetiva y menos síntomas depresivos. Estos resultados sugieren la posibilidad de completar la evaluación del bienestar usando medidas objetivas.

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