Metacognición, apego y sintomatología en esquizofrenia primer episodio
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Palabras clave

metacognition
attachment
symptomatology
schizophrenia metacognición
apego
sintomatología
esquizofrenia

Cómo citar

Vergara-Ramírez, S., & León-Uribe , A. (2020). Metacognición, apego y sintomatología en esquizofrenia primer episodio. Terapia Psicológica, 38(2). Recuperado a partir de http://teps.cl/index.php/teps/article/view/277

Resumen

Los sujetos con Esquizofrenia experimentan menoscabo en la capacidad para formar ideas complejas sobre sí mismos y otros, definido como déficits metacognitivos. El presente estudio evaluó las correlaciones entre metacognición, apego y síntomas en pacientes con Esquizofrenia primer episodio en el Hospital Regional de Talca entre 2016 y 2018. Se diseñó un estudio cuantitativo, relacional, prospectivo, transversal y observacional. Treinta y un individuos fueron evaluados utilizando la Metacognitive Assessment Scale-Abbreviated para metacognición. También se evaluó apego y sintomatología. Se encontraron bajos puntajes metacognitivos y la mayoría de los participantes fueron catalogados como apego evitante. Menores capacidades metacognitivas se correlacionaron significativamente con mayor sintomatología negativa y de desorganización. Conclusiones. Nuestros resultados respaldan la inclusión de los déficits metacognitivos y patrones de apego en los modelos de Esquizofrenia, lo que podría mejorar nuestra comprensión de los síntomas negativos y de desorganización. Además, se discute sobre su aporte al desarrollo de intervenciones psicoterapéuticas en Esquizofrenia desde el primer episodio.

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